The Chevrolet Camaro was a compact motor vehicle launched in North The us by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors at the start out of the 1967 model year as competitiveness for the Ford Mustang.
Though it was technically a compact (by the criteria of the time), the Camaro, like the complete course of Mustang competitiors, was soon identified as a pony motor vehicle.
Nevertheless the car’s name was contrived with no this means, General Motors scientists located the term in a French dictionary as a slang term for “pal” or “companion.” Ford Motor Company scientists identified other definitions, like “a shrimp-like creature” and an arcane term for “free bowels”! In some automotive periodicals right before official launch, it was code-named “Panther”.
Four distinct generations of the motor vehicle have been made.
Sharing mechanicals with the approaching 1968 Chevrolet Nova, the Camaro showcased unibody construction. Chevrolet presented the motor vehicle in only two human body variations, a coupe and convertible. Practically 80 manufacturing unit and 40 vendor possibilities like three principal offers have been avaible.
* RS Package deal integrated numerous cosmetic changes these as RS badging, concealed headlights, blacked out grill, revised taillights and inside trims.
* SS Package deal integrated modified 5.7 L (350 in³) V8 engine (first 350 in³ engine ever presented by Chevrolet), also L35 396 in³ “big block” was avaible. SS showcased non-practical air inlets on the hood, distinctive striping and blacked out grill. It was doable to get both – RS and SS offers to get RS/SS Camaro. In 1967 Camaro RS/SS Convertible Camaro with 396 in³ engine paced the Indianapolis 500 race.
* Z28 alternative code was launched in 1966. This alternative package wasn’t stated in any product sales literature so was unfamiliar by most of the prospective buyers. The only way to get Z28 package was to get foundation Camaro with Z28 alternative, front disc brakes, electric power steering and Muncie 4-velocity transmission.
Z28 package showcased exclusive 302 in³ “small block” engine, designed especially to contend in the Club of The us Trans Am racing collection (which demanded engines smaller than 305 in³ and public availablity of the motor vehicle).
Marketed electric power of this engine was listed at 290 hp (216 kW) whilst genuine dyno readings rated it at 360 to four hundred hp (269 to 298 kW). Z28 also came with upgraded suspension and racing stripes on the hood. It was doable to combine Z28 package with RS package. Only 602 Z28’s have been offered.
The bigger second-generation Camaro showcased an all-new smooth human body and enhanced suspension. The 1970-one/2 Camaro debuted as a 2+2 coupe no convertible was presented and would not surface all over again until eventually well into the 3rd generation.
Most of the engine and drivetrain factors have been carried about from 1969 with the exception of the 230 in³ (three.8 L) 6 cylinder — the foundation engine was now the 250 in³ (4.one L) 6 rated at 155 hp (116 kW).
The leading executing motor was a L-seventy eight 396 in³ (6.5 L) V8 rated at 375 hp (280 kW). (Starting in 1970, the 396 in³ big block V8’s truly displaced 402 in³ (6.6 L), nonetheless Chevrolet selected to retain the 396 badging.) Two 454 in³ (7.4 L) engines – the LS-6 and LS-7 – have been listed on early specification sheets but in no way made it into production.
In addition to the foundation model, prospective buyers could choose the “Rally Activity” alternative with a distinctive front nose and bumper, a “Super Activity” package, and the “Z-28 Special Efficiency Package deal” featuring a new substantial-performance 360 hp (268 kW) 350 in³ (5.7 L) cid V8.
The 1972 Camaro endured two major setbacks. A UAW strike at a GM assembly plant in Ohio disrupted production for 174 days, and 1100 Camaros had to be scrapped for the reason that they did not meet 1973 Federal bumper protection criteria.
Some at GM seriously deemed dropping the Camaro and Firebird altogether, whilst other people have been certain the types remained marketable. The latter group finally certain those in favor of dropping the F Vehicles to reconsider, and Chevrolet would go on to generate sixty eight,656 Camaros in 1972, the cheapest production figures for any model year.
The 1982 model launched the first Camaros with manufacturing unit gasoline injection, four-velocity automated transmissions (three-velocity on the before types), 5-velocity manual transmissions (four-velocity manual transmissions in 1982, and some eighty three-84 types), fifteen or 16-inch rims, hatchback human body style, and even a four-cylinder engine for a temporary time period (due to considerations about gasoline financial state).
The Camaro Z28 was Motor Development magazine’s Motor vehicle of the 12 months for 1982.
In 1985 Chevrolet launched a new Camaro model – the well-known IROC-Z, referred to as immediately after well-liked racing collection. IROC-Z Camaro showcased upgraded suspension, distinctive decal package and Tuned Port Injection system taken from the Chevrolet_Corvette Third generation Camaros also had a suspension system that was additional capable in corners than the past generation.
The Camaro IROC-Z was on Motor vehicle and Driver magazine’s 10 Most effective listing for 1985.
* 1978-1981 5.7 L (350 in³) Tiny-Block V8
* 1982-1985 2.5 L (151 in³) Iron Duke L4
* 1982-1984 2.8 L (173 in³) LC1 V6
* 1985-1989 2.8 L (173 in³) LB8 V6
* 1990-1992 three.one L (191 in³) 60 Gen II V6
* 1982-1992 5. L (305 in³) Tiny-Block V8
* 1985-1992 5.7 L (350 in³) Tiny-Block V8
1993 began the fourth and last generation of Camaros, long lasting via the 2002 model year. Manufacturing of the fourth and closing generation was moved from GM’s Van Nuys, California assembly plant to one particular in Ste. Therese, Quebec in 1993.
Nevertheless the motor vehicle would no lengthier be made in the US, the new style which incorporated lightweight plastic human body panels about a metal space body, and a superior suspension, more enhanced upon the Camaro line.
From 1993 to 1997 the Camaro was offered with the LT-one engine, the identical Era II small block V8 used in the Corvette, even though in a little de-tuned sort.
In 1996, the long-discontinued “SS” alternative was resurrected and in 1998, the all-new LS-one engine Era III small block was presented on the SS and Z28 Camaros, marking the close of the Era I small block V8 that had its roots in Chevrolet’s 265 in³ engine of 1955. Sad to say, product sales have been down below expectations, and production of the Camaro ceased in 2002.
1998 noticed a new head mild style for the Camaro. The new style taken off the past recessed-mild style existing in the 1982-1997 Camaros. The fake air intakes on the hood have been also removed. In addition the LT1 engine was taken off and as a substitute an LS1 in its area.
* 1993-1995 three.4 L (208 in³) 60 Gen III V6
* 1995-2002 three.8 L (231 in³) 3800 Collection II V6
* 1993-1997 5.7 L (350 in³) LT1 V8
* 1998-2002 5.7 L (350 in³) LS1 V8
2002 marked the last year of the Chevrolet Camaro and was also the thirty fifth anniversary for the Camaro. This milestone was celebrated with a distinctive anniversary motor vehicle modified from the manufacturing unit by SLP. The anniversary package was only offered on the SS (Super Activity).
Motor modifications have been offered in addition to the 325 hp (242 kW) engine which all Super Sporting activities generate. Silver racing stripes down the hood and trunk lid made the motor vehicle additional noticeable than ever—especially versus the Dazzling Rally Purple paint (the only shade offered with the anniversary package).
The motor vehicle also had the slogan attached to it “Leave a Long lasting Impression” and had the brand embroidered in the seats. The motor vehicle was only offered as a convertible or with T-Tops. three,000 Camaros with the anniversary package have been made for the United States and 152 for Canada.
Nevertheless production Camaros have been in no way as quick as the flagship Corvette, the motor vehicle charge much less than 50 % as a great deal and was easily modified. If its repeated inclusion in automotive enthusiast journals is any indication, the Chevy Camaro is one particular of the most well-liked automobiles for modification in the automotive historical past.
All through its historical past, the Camaro shared its inside human body and major factors with a sister motor vehicle – the Pontiac Firebird.